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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
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Initial clinical evaluation of indigenous90Y-DOTATATE in sequential duo-PRRT approach (177Lu-DOTATATE and90Y-DOTATATE) in neuroendocrine tumors with large bulky disease: Observation on tolerability,90Y-DOTATATE post-PRRT imaging characteristics (bremsstrahlung and PET-CT) and early adverse effects


 Radiation Medicine Centre, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Tata Memorial Hospital Annexe, Parel; Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Sandip Basu,
Radiation Medicine Centre, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Tata Memorial Hospital Annexe, Jerbai Wadia Road, Parel, Mumbai - 400 012, Maharashtra; Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/wjnm.WJNM_52_20

177Lu-DOTATATE peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) alone has lesser potential in the clinical setting of neuroendocrine tumor (NET) with large bulky disease and nonhomogeneous somatostatin receptors (SSTR) distribution, owing to lower energy (Eβmax 0.497 MeV) and a shorter particle penetration range (maximum 2–4 mm) of177Lu. In large bulky NETs,90Yttrium (90Y) has the theoretical advantages because of a longer beta particle penetration range (a maximum soft tissue penetration of 11 mm). Therefore, a combination of177Lu and90Y is a theoretically sound concept that can result in better response in metastatic NET with large-bulky lesion and non-homogeneous SSTR distribution. The aim of the study was to determine the feasibility of combining90Y-DOTATATE with177Lu-DOTATATE PRRT as sequential duo-PRRT in metastatic NET with (≥5 cm) including the post90Y-DOTATATE-PRRT imaging and also to determine early toxicity of the duo-PRRT approach. A total of 9 patients received combination of177Lu-DOTATATE with90Y-DOTATATE (indigenously prepared and approved) through sequential duo-PRRT approach. These 9 NET patients were included and analyzed in this study. All 9 patients had undergone post-PRRT90Y-DOTATATE imaging, including a whole-body planar bremsstrahlung imaging followed by regional single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)-computed tomography (CT) imaging and also a regional positron emission tomography–computed tomography imaging. Grading of90Y-DOTATATE and177Lu-DOTATATE uptake was done on post-PRRT imaging by both modalities. The size of the lesions ranged from 5.5 cm to 16 cm with average size of 10 cm before sequential duo-PRRT was decided. Sequential duo-PRRT was administered because of stable, unresponsive disease following177Lu-DOTATATE in 5 patients (55.6%), progressive disease after177Lu-DOTATATE in 2 patients (22.2%), and with neoadjuvant intent in 2 patients (22.2%). The total cumulative dose of177Lu-DOTATATE before duo-pRRT ranged from 11.84 GBq to 37 GBq per patient and average administered dose of 27.21 GBq per patient in this study. Out of 9 patients, 8 patients received single cycle of90Y-DOTATATE (ranging from 2.66 GBq to 3.4 GBq per patient with average administered dose of 3.12 GBq per patient). One patient received two cycles of90Y-DOTATATE (total dose of 6.2 GBq). Out of 9 patients, 8 patients showed excellent tracer concentration in lesions on post-PRRT90Y-DOTATATE imaging and the remaining 1 patient showed fairly adequate90Y-DOTATATE tracer uptake in lesion on visual analysis. There was matched90Y-DOTATATE uptake with68Ga-DOTATATE and also with177LuDOTATATE in all 9 patients. The sequential duo-PRRT was well tolerated by all patients. Two patients (22.2%) developed mild nausea, one patient (11.1%) developed transient mild-grade hemoglobin toxicity, and one patient (11.1%) developed mild-grade gastrointestinal symptoms (loose motion and abdominal pain). No nephrotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, and other hematological toxicity was observed. The combination of the indigenous90Y-DOTATATE with177Lu-DOTATATE PRRT in NET as sequential duo-PRRT was well tolerated, feasible and safe in stable, unresponsive/progressive disease following single isotope177Lu-DOTATATE therapy and also in neoadjuvant PRRT setting with large bulky lesion (≥≥5cm). Post-PRRT90Y-DOTATATE imaging showed excellent90Y-DOTATATE uptake in nearly all NET patients. Mild-grade early adverse effects were easily manageable and controllable in this sequential duo-PRRT approach.


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