|LETTER TO EDITOR
|Year : 2021 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 327-328
Prostate-specific antigen for prediction of skeletal metastases on bone scintigraphy in prostate cancer
Emmanuel Nii Boye Hammond1, Yaw Ampem Amoako2, Dennis Odai Laryea3, George Amoah4
1 National Centre for Radiotherapy Oncology and Nuclear Medicine, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital; Ghana Atomic Energy Commission, Accra, Ghana
2 Department of Medicine, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
3 Ghana Health Service Headquarters, Accra, Ghana
4 Department of Surgery, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana
|Date of Submission||24-Sep-2020|
|Date of Acceptance||28-Oct-2020|
|Date of Web Publication||06-Sep-2021|
Dr. Emmanuel Nii Boye Hammond
National Centre for Radiotherapy Oncology and Nuclear Medicine, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Hammond EN, Amoako YA, Laryea DO, Amoah G. Prostate-specific antigen for prediction of skeletal metastases on bone scintigraphy in prostate cancer. World J Nucl Med 2021;20:327-8
|How to cite this URL:|
Hammond EN, Amoako YA, Laryea DO, Amoah G. Prostate-specific antigen for prediction of skeletal metastases on bone scintigraphy in prostate cancer. World J Nucl Med [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 May 25];20:327-8. Available from: http://www.wjnm.org/text.asp?2021/20/3/327/316959
We read with great interest the article by Manohar et al. in the July–September 2020 edition of the journal. They conducted a retrospective analysis of medical records on 307 prostate cancer patients referred for 99mTc methylene diphosphonate (99mTc MDP) bone scintigraphy in a nuclear medicine department in India and used receiver operator curve analysis to determine the optimal prostate-specific antigen (PSA) cutoff values for predicting skeletal metastases. The authors reported that the optimal cutoff value of serum PSA in the prediction of positive bone scan for skeletal metastases was 29.16 ng/ml, with a sensitivity and specificity of 89.0% and 74.6%, respectively. They reviewed similar studies on the subject from different settings which showed that the PSA cutoff for bone scintigraphy ranged from 10 to >30 ng/ml.
In resource-limited settings where the practice of nuclear medicine remains challenging due to numerous factors including limited facilities and erratic radiopharmaceutical supply, there continues to be a need to identify the predictive factors that will aid the optimal use of nuclear medicine facilities and resources as this will facilitate patient management and improve clinician satisfaction with the services provided by the nuclear medicine. Our group in 2019 published the results of a retrospective study on PSA and the risk of bone metastases in West Africans with prostate cancer in which 96 (26.5%) out of 363 study patients had skeletal metastases on 99mTc MDP bone scan. In our study, a PSA cutoff value of ≥20 predicted the presence of skeletal metastases with a sensitivity and specificity of 86.5% and 41.2%, respectively. Although a cutoff value of ≥30 predicted the presence of metastases with a lower sensitivity of 72.9%, the specificity was higher at 56.2%, and 60% of cases were correctly classified. Similar to the current study by Manohar et al. which reported an accuracy of 87%, we found that PSA had an accuracy of 72% in the prediction of skeletal metastases on bone scan.
Ritenour et al. in their study fixed the cutoff point for serum PSA for which bone scans must be acquired at >30 ng/ml, a finding which further supports the 29.16 ng/ml cutoff proposed by Manohar et al. The serum PSA cutoff values in the West African population we studied were not so different from that of the Indian population., We like Ritenour et al. showed that Gleason score ≥8 had an increased specificity for the detection of bone metastases in prostate cancer. We were able to show in our study that both serum PSA and Gleason score were able to predict the presence of metastases with reasonable accuracy at 72% and 68%, respectively.
We agree with Manohar et al. that serum PSA is an independent predictor of bone metastases in patients with prostate cancer. Bone scintigraphy may not be useful as a routine staging investigation, especially in asymptomatic low-to-intermediate risk patients with prostate cancer in resource-limited settings.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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