Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
  Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size Users Online: 311  
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 176-182

Role of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography in restaging and prognosis of recurrent melanoma after curative surgery

1 Department of Nuclear Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of General Surgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Bhagwant Rai Mittal
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh - 160 012
Login to access the Email id

DOI: 10.4103/wjnm.WJNM_37_18

PMID: 31040750

Rights and Permissions

Malignant melanoma is a highly aggressive tumor and surgical resection is the primary treatment. However, the chances of recurrence are quite high despite complete resection. The aim of study was to evaluate the18F-fluorodeoxyglucose(18F-FDG) positron emission tomography–computed tomography (PET/CT) in detection of recurrent melanoma after curative surgery and its prognostic value. Fifty-four melanoma patients (32 women) with prior primary lesion resection were evaluated with18F-FDG PET/CT for clinically suspicious recurrent disease. The diagnostic accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/CT (visual interpretation as well as semi-quantitative parameter) was determined on the basis of subsequent imaging and clinical follow-up. Melanoma-specific survival and risk of progression (hazard ratio [HR]) were assessed using Kaplan–Meier method and Cox regression analysis.18F-FDG PET/CT detected recurrent diseases in 36 (66%) patients including distant metastases in 13 patients and second synchronous malignancy in 2 patients. Overall, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of 18F-FDG PET/CT were 91.2%, 80.0%, 88.6%, and 84.2%, respectively, with area under the curve of 0.86 (95% confidence interval: 0.74–0.97; P < 0.05). Positive18F-FDG PET/CT study was associated with a significantly shorter overall survival than negative study (30.8 ± 4.6 vs. 64.5 ± 6.9 months, P < 0.05). Apart from positive18F-FDG PET/CT scan, maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) >2.7 and combination of both were independently associated with an increased risk of disease progression (HR = 7.72, 21.58, and 11.37, respectively; P < 0.05).18F-FDG PET/CT showed enhanced diagnostic performance in patients with suspicious recurrent malignant melanoma leading to appropriate management. FDG positivity along with SUVmax >2.7 provides important prognostic value in predicting the survival outcomes and assessing the risk of disease progression.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded183    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 2    

Recommend this journal