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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 65-66

Autonomous Functioning Thyroid Nodule in a 4-year-old Male Child Treated with Radioiodine (I-131)

Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET/CT, Army Hospital (R and R), New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr Abhishek Khare
Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET/CT, Army Hospital (R and R), New Delhi - 110 010
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DOI: 10.4103/1450-1147.136695

PMID: 25125998

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Autonomous functioning thyroid nodules that cause toxic manifestations (toxic adenomas) are benign monoclonal tumors characterized by their capacity to grow and produce thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) autonomously, i.e. in the absence of thyrotropin thyroid stimulating hormone. Toxic adenomas are a rare presentation of hyperthyroidism in the pediatric population. Radioiodine (I-131) has been widely used for therapy of patients with toxic adenomas and is now accepted as a safe and effective treatment even in the pediatric age group. The authors here present a case of a 4-year-old boy with a solitary hyperfunctioning thyroid nodule, who was successfully treated with radioiodine (I-131) and is presently on follow-up.

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