World Journal of Nuclear Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 47--51

Detection efficiency of18F-flourodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography for primary tumors in patients with carcinoma of unknown primary


Nosheen Fatima1, Maseeh Uz Zaman1, Areeba Zaman2, Unaiza Zaman2, Sidra Zaman2, Rabia Tahseen3 
1 Department of Radiology, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
2 Department of Medicine, Dow Medical College, Ruth Pfau Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
3 Department of Radiation Oncology, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Maseeh Uz Zaman
Department of Radiology, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi
Pakistan

Carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP) is defined as biopsy proven tumor metastases that remains unidentified after a thorough diagnostic evaluation. The purpose of this study was to find the detection efficiency of18F-flourodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18FDG PET/CT) in patients with CUP. This prospective study was conducted at PET/CT Section of Department of Radiology, Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi, Pakistan from August 2017 to January 2018. Patients with a history of CUP referred for18FDG PET/CT scan for detection of primary sites during the study were recruited.18FDG PET/CT scan was acquired using standardized protocol, and patients with suspected primary sites underwent biopsies. Scan findings and biopsy results were analyzed to find the detection rate, sensitivity, area under curve (AUC), and positive predictive value (PPV). As no biopsy was performed in negative scan, true negative, and specificity could not be calculated. During the study, 46 consecutive patients with CUP were included. Mean age of cohort was 58 ± 17 years (63% male and 37% female) having a mean body mass index of 24.70 ± 4.97 kg/m2. Thirty-four patients (34/46) found to have a hypermetabolic focus suggestive of the primary tumor with known metastatic sites and subjected to biopsy which turned out to be positive in 26/34 patients (true positive). The primary tumor was detected in gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary in 8 (17%), head and neck in 6 (13%), genitourinary 4 (09%), lung 3 (06%), and miscellaneous sites in 5 (11%) patients. Detection rate, sensitivity and PPV of18FDG PET/CT were 57%, 68%, and 76%, respectively. Remaining 12/46 patients with negative18FDG PET/CT for primary focus did not have biopsy. Receiver operating character curve revealed fair diagnostic strength of18FDG PET/CT for detecting unknown primary (AUC 0.667; P = 0.054; standard error = 0.083; confidence interval: 0.504–0.830). We conclude that18FDG PET/CT is an effective tool for detecting primary tumor in patients with CUP and its upfront use could preclude the use of many futile diagnostic procedures. Furthermore, higher resolution scanners and acquiring delayed images in patients with negative study could reduce false-negative results in patients with CUP.


How to cite this article:
Fatima N, Zaman MU, Zaman A, Zaman U, Zaman S, Tahseen R. Detection efficiency of18F-flourodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography for primary tumors in patients with carcinoma of unknown primary.World J Nucl Med 2020;19:47-51


How to cite this URL:
Fatima N, Zaman MU, Zaman A, Zaman U, Zaman S, Tahseen R. Detection efficiency of18F-flourodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography for primary tumors in patients with carcinoma of unknown primary. World J Nucl Med [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 May 31 ];19:47-51
Available from: http://www.wjnm.org/article.asp?issn=1450-1147;year=2020;volume=19;issue=1;spage=47;epage=51;aulast=Fatima;type=0