World Journal of Nuclear Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 13--17

The role of Technetium-99m-Ethambutol scintigraphy in the management of spinal tuberculosis


Lisa Herawati Diah, Achmad Hussein Sundawa Kartamihardja 
 Departement of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Achmad Hussein Sundawa Kartamihardja
Departement of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Padjadjaran University, Bandung
Indonesia

Spines is a common site of extrapulmonary Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (MTI). Spine destruction due to MTI can mimic other etiologies. Treatment of choice for spinal tuberculosis (STB) is anti-TB drugs while surgery could be needed in other causes. The gold standard for STB diagnosis is histopathology examination from biopsy tissue. Technetium-99m-ethambutol (99mTc-EMB) scintigraphy can be used to detect and localize of TB. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of 99mTc-EMB scintigraphy in STB management. Retrospective study was carried out from 2006 to 2014. Subject STB were patient STB with suspected of STB and underwent 99mTc-EMB scintigraphy. The histopathologic result was used as gold standard. Whole body planar acquisition was taken at 1 and 3 h postinjection of 370 MBq. Single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography acquisition was performed on suspected area. 99mTc-EMB image were analyzed by two nuclear medicine specialis. The 93 subject STB were included in this study. Histopathologic data were available in 40/93 subject STB. Positive and negative 99mTc-EMB scintigraphy were 32 and 8 subject STB. 99mTc-EMB scintigraphy result STB was concordance with the histopathologic finding in 37 subject STB. Sensitivity, specivicity, positive- and negative-predictive value, and accuracy of 99mTc-EMB scintigraphy 90.91%, 71.43%, 93.75%, 62.5%, and 87.5%, respectively. This study showed that patient STB with suspected 99mTc-EMB scintigraphy result could be directly treated with anti-TB. 99mTc-EMB scintigraphy has significant role in the management of STB.


How to cite this article:
Diah LH, Kartamihardja AH. The role of Technetium-99m-Ethambutol scintigraphy in the management of spinal tuberculosis.World J Nucl Med 2019;18:13-17


How to cite this URL:
Diah LH, Kartamihardja AH. The role of Technetium-99m-Ethambutol scintigraphy in the management of spinal tuberculosis. World J Nucl Med [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 May 27 ];18:13-17
Available from: http://www.wjnm.org/article.asp?issn=1450-1147;year=2019;volume=18;issue=1;spage=13;epage=17;aulast=Diah;type=0