World Journal of Nuclear Medicine

CASE REPORT
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 128--130

Primary Retroperitoneal Seminoma Staging and Surveillance by Means of Fluoro-2-Deoxyglucose-Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography


Tianye Liu1, Carina Mari Aparici2,  
1 Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, USA
2 Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, VA Medical Center, San Francisco, USA

Correspondence Address:
Tianye Liu
185 Berry Street, Suites 190 and 180, Lobby 6, San Francisco, CA 94107
USA

Abstract

Primary retroperitoneal seminoma is a very rare entity. We present a case of 39-year-old male with primary retroperitoneal seminoma with staging and surveillance by means of F-18 fluoro-2-deoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT). The case demonstrates that primary retroperitoneal seminoma can be easy to identify with FDG-PET/CT and potential follow-up on recurrence, or metastatic disease can be performed using this technique.



How to cite this article:
Liu T, Aparici CM. Primary Retroperitoneal Seminoma Staging and Surveillance by Means of Fluoro-2-Deoxyglucose-Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography .World J Nucl Med 2015;14:128-130


How to cite this URL:
Liu T, Aparici CM. Primary Retroperitoneal Seminoma Staging and Surveillance by Means of Fluoro-2-Deoxyglucose-Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography . World J Nucl Med [serial online] 2015 [cited 2019 Dec 9 ];14:128-130
Available from: http://www.wjnm.org/text.asp?2015/14/2/128/153910


Full Text

 Introduction



Primary retroperitoneal seminoma is a very rare entity. [1] Unlike metastatic seminoma to the retroperitoneum, primary retroperitoneal seminoma occurs without confirmation of the presence of a primary malignancy in the testes. Very few cases of such extragonadal retroperitoneal germ cell tumor without involvement of the testes have been reported. Although the condition has been described before, there has been no reported case in which primary retroperitoneal seminoma was characterized by 18 fluoro-2-deoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography ( FDG-PET/CT). We present a case of 39-year-old male with primary retroperitoneal seminoma with staging and surveillance by means of FDG-PET/CT.

 Case Report



A 39-year-old man was awakened by a sudden onset of abdominal pain during sleep. He presented to the emergency room where an abdominal/pelvic CT showed a bulky 8 cm × 7 cm retroperitoneal mass next to the left kidney. Scrotal ultrasound 2 days later did not show evidence of testicular masses or any other abnormalities. A subsequent FDG-PET/CT [Figure 1] showed a hypermetabolic 8 cm × 7 cm retroperitoneal mass with a maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of 22 and mild asymmetric FDG activity in the right testis with SUVmax: 4.46. Subsequent radical resection of the retroperitoneal mass was complicated by left renal vein injury due to tumor invasion. The estimated blood loss was 2 L and the left renal vein was ligated to stop bleeding. The final pathology revealed that the mass had characteristics consistent with seminoma with margin <0.05 cm, and it was unable to determine whether the tumor was primary or metastatic. An FDG-PET/CT 2 weeks after surgery [Figure 2] showed postoperative changes without convincing evidence of residual disease or metastases, as well as interval improvement of the asymmetric mild FDG activity seen before within the testis.{Figure 1}{Figure 2}

 Discussion



Primary retroperitoneal seminoma is a rare entity that accounts for approximately 2% of all seminomas. [1] The origin of extragonadal retroperitoneal germ cell tumors is controversial. One of the theories suggests that the tumors originate embriologically from displaced germ cells situated along the midline of the body. [2] Another explanation suggests that these tumors are metastatic lesions from spontaneously regressed (burned-out) testicular carcinomas. [3],[4] This is why in some cases, in spite of negative imaging, elective orchiectomy is part of the treatment plan of these patients, with most of the cases showing no significant evidence of the primary malignancy after pathology. In our case, pathology was unable to determine whether the tumor was primary or metastatic. The patient's scrotal ultrasound did not show evidence of testicular masses or other abnormalities. It is true that the staging FDG-PET/CT showed a mild diffuse testicular asymmetry, but the findings were not consistent with malignancy. In addition, the surveillance follow-up scan postresection of the retroperitoneal mass showed spontaneous improvement. Although primary retroperitoneal seminoma has been previously described in the literature, [5],[6] to the best of our knowledge, this is the first case in which a primary retroperitoneal seminoma was characterized by FDG-PET/CT. Based on the experience with our patient, these tumors show high-FDG uptake (in our case SUVmax: 22) and, therefore, should be easy to identify and can be used to follow-up recurrence or metastatic disease. It would be interesting further to assess the meaning of the mild asymmetric FDG activity seen in the testis at the time of staging, and document if similar patterns happen in other cases of retroperitoneal seminoma assessed with FDG-PET/CT.

References

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