|Year : 2014 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 132-134
Perinephric Urinoma Due to Locally Advanced Recto-Sigmoid Tumor: Incidental Finding on Bone Scan
Ammad Shanoon Marzooq Al Tamimi, Butch Magsombol, Arthur Ng, David Ng
Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore 169608, Singapore
|Date of Web Publication||19-Aug-2014|
Dr. Ammad Shanoon Marzooq Al Tamimi
Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore 169608
| Abstract|| |
We are presenting a 59 years old man with locally advanced recto-sigmoid colon cancer; complaining of left flank pain and bone scan was done to rule out bone metastases. Findings in bone scan were suggesting left renal obstruction, but further SPECT/CT imaging to localize the uptake revealed a perinephric collection likely due to leak from the left ureter close to tumor site.
Keywords: Bone scan , single photon emission tomography/computed tomography, urinoma
|How to cite this article:|
Marzooq Al Tamimi AS, Magsombol B, Ng A, Ng D. Perinephric Urinoma Due to Locally Advanced Recto-Sigmoid Tumor: Incidental Finding on Bone Scan. World J Nucl Med 2014;13:132-4
|How to cite this URL:|
Marzooq Al Tamimi AS, Magsombol B, Ng A, Ng D. Perinephric Urinoma Due to Locally Advanced Recto-Sigmoid Tumor: Incidental Finding on Bone Scan. World J Nucl Med [serial online] 2014 [cited 2019 Jun 25];13:132-4. Available from: http://www.wjnm.org/text.asp?2014/13/2/132/139145
| Introduction|| |
Bone scan usually used in detecting bone metastases for various tumors especially the sclerotic and mixed lesions. The detection of lytic bone lesions are sometimes difficult and will appear as photopenic areas. In addition, bone scan can detect other pathology not relating to bones like soft tissue abnormalities. In our case, we managed to detect left perinephric collection due to leak from the left ureter in close proximity to tumor site. The role of SPECT/CT in localizing the radiotracer uptake is very essential.
| Case Report|| |
A 59-year-old man with a history of inoperable locally advanced recto-sigmoid tumor presented with left loin pain and tenderness. A bone scan was performed to rule out bone metastases. Planar images revealed an abnormal oval-shaped radiotracer uptake in the left abdomen resembling an obstructed left kidney [Figure 1]. Single photon emission tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) was performed to further evaluate the location of the abnormal radiotracer accumulation. Fused images showed a left perinephric collection likely due to leak from the ureter close to the primary tumor [Figure 2] and [Figure 3]. The patient underwent percutaneous nephrostomy, drainage, and retrograde ureteric stenting. Patient made an uneventful recovery.
|Figure 1: Technetium-99m methylene diphosphonate whole body scans showing intense tracer uptake projecting over the left abdomen mimicking hydronephrotic obstructed left kidney|
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|Figure 2: Single photon emission tomography/computed tomography (axial plain) showing tracer activity in the perinephric collection compatible with urinoma. Left kidney is not enlarged|
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|Figure 3: Single photon emission tomography/computed tomography (coronal plain) showing the urinoma with the primary recto-sigmoid tumor (arrow)|
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| Discussion|| |
Urinoma is defined as an extravasated urine collection with surrounded fibrous capsule. It is postulated to occur when three factors present: (1) Functioning kidney, (2) tear in the urinary tract, and (3) element of ureteral obstruction to some extent. 
It usually results from urine leak due to blunt or penetrating trauma, iatrogenic injury, or back pressure by downstream obstruction due to a ureteral stone, surgical ligature, or abdominal or pelvic mass. As compared with renal urine leaks, ureteral urine leaks commonly occur due to iatrogenic injury following genitourinary, retroperitoneal, pelvic, or gynecologic surgery.  Case reports of urinomas resulting from rare conditions such as retroperitoneal fibrosis  or as a complication of surgical spinal fusion procedure  have been reported. In our case, the direct invasion of the recto-sigmoid tumor to the left ureter was the cause for the urine leak and collection.
The diagnostic studies of choice are delayed contrast-enhanced CT, CT cystography, and retrograde urethrography. Studies such as intravenous pyelography, antegrade and retrograde pyelography, renal scintigraphy, and imaging-guided needle aspiration are also useful.  Case reports of diagnosing urinomas by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT scan  and Ga-67 citrate  have been discussed in literature. In our case, urinoma was suspected as an incidental finding on a routine bone scan for metastases screening. The SPECT/CT add to the diagnostic accuracy in this case as a cross-sectional imaging.
| References|| |
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[Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]